Texas Native Vines
Bignonia capreolata CROSSVINE
50 ft., can reach 70 ft. Yellow and red flowers in spring. Evergreen in all but the coldest winters. Most soils; tolerates poor drainage. Sun to Shade. This is a good, evergreen vine which grows fast (and even faster in rich, moist soils), and will do well in sun or shade. It clings with tiny claw-like tendrils, so you do not need to string up support for it. Flowers are large, trumpet-shaped, and two-toned yellow and brick red, and appear profusely in the spring, very sporadically in summer. They attract the spring-migrating hummingbirds.
Campsis radicans TRUMPET VINE
20-40 ft. Brilliant orange flowers June-September. Deciduous. Most well drained soils. Sun to Part shade. The huge orange flowers that cover this vine in the summer never fail to attract hummingbirds. The vine grows quickly, gets large, and clings with aerial rootlets (do not plant this against the house--it can damage brick, mortar, and roofs). Do plant it up old trees, on fences, or on unsightly out-buildings. Flowers appear in clusters at the end of a stem; long attractive seedpods follow the spent flowers. The native form is extremely invasive; we sell the 'Madame Galen' hybrid, which is less aggressive. Give it extra water west of Ft. Worth. We also sell a yellow-flowered trumpet vite Buff yellow color combines delightfully with adobe and stucco walls. The yellow form is not as invasive as the native orange form. Please specify 'Madame Galen' or yellow when ordering.
Clematis pitcheri PURPLE LEATHERFLOWER
8-10 ft. Lavender flowers May to July. Deciduous. Most well drained soils. Part shade. This shade-loving vine grows from the roots each spring, so does not get very large. It looks best growing over low structure, perhaps around a birdbath or garden sculpture. The small, delicate purple flowers look like small bells with pointed ends curled back. It is native to Dallas County.
Clematis texensis SCARLET CLEMATIS
8-10 ft. Red flowers spring and summer. Deciduous. Most well drained soils. Part shade to Shade. This delicate vine produces lovely bell-shaped flowers in various shades of red. Like Clematis pitcheri, it dies to the roots each year, so does not get very big. Use it in the same way, planting it where you can get close to it and enjoy its delicate beauty. This vine is native to the Hill Country.
Lonicera sempervirens CORAL HONEYSUCKLE
10-15 ft. Coral red flowers in mild weather followed by red berries. Evergreen, deciduous in cold winters. Most soils; tolerates poor drainage. Sun to Part shade. This is not the fragrant, but rampant, yellow honeysuckle that will swallow whole yards. This civilized and beautiful vine grows quickly and aggressively, but stays where you want it. It twines, so will need support to get started. Flowers are a beautiful coral red, long, thin trumpet; the interior is yellow and seems to glow. They are not fragrant, but hummingbirds love them and birds appreciate the large red berries that follow. It will need some extra water and shade for its roots if it is grown in full sun. It is native to Dallas County and will grow on limestone, but given deep, rich soil, will grow rapidly into a wonderfully lush vine
Parthenocissus quinquefolia VIRGINIA CREEPER
20-30 ft. Deciduous, good fall color. Most well drained soils. Sun to Shade. This vigorous vine is grown for its foliage, which is lush and green in the summer and brilliant red in autumn. It grows best in partial sun or full shade, although fall color is more subdued if grown in shade. Mature plants produce small black berries appreciated by birds in the winter. It clings with aerial disks, so needs no trellis. You may see three leaves at the base of the stem or on immature plants, but follow the stem up and you'll see that this plant has five leaves, so you can be assured you haven't planted and tended a lovely stand of poison ivy.
Passiflora incarnata PASSIONFLOWER, MAYPOP
6 ft. Blue flowers May-August. Deciduous. Most soils. Sun to Part shade. This drought tolerant native will put up with heavy clay. The flowers are extremely unusual and hard to describe--petals overlaid with many long, thin tendrils. You have to see them to get the idea. They die back to the roots each year so never get big.
Rosa setigera CLIMBING PRAIRIE ROSE
9-15 ft. Pink flowers in May. Deciduous. Most well drained soils. Sun to Part shade. The flowers on this healthy rose start out dark pink and fade to near white, so when it is blooming you'll see many shades of pink covering this plant. Flowers are single, with bright yellow stamens at the center. It looks good on a pergola, arbor, or even growing into a tree. Hundreds of small red hips follow the flowers, so it is attractive even when not in bloom. This plant will sucker and can make an enormous shrub; pull suckers out at the base to keep the growth in check. This is a nice, lime-tolerant native rose.